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First mosaic inscribed to Jesus, unearthed in early church below Israeli prison, to open to public

Third-century church scheduled to open to public view this summer after prison on top of the site is relocated.

Published: April 14, 2022 3:56pm

Updated: April 16, 2022 10:30pm

A third-century church that experts believe is the first in the world will be open to the public starting this summer after the prison on top of the site is relocated.

About a 20-minute drive south from Nazareth, Megiddo prison is located on top of the church and the first known mosaic dedicated to Jesus.

A Greek inscription "to the God Jesus Christ" was found in 2004 during archaeological excavations before a proposed prison expansion, The Times of Israel reported.

"Would you believe that the first church in the world is inside a prison?!" the Israeli Prison Service posted on Facebook, as translated, in an announcement about the prison's move.

The Megiddo Regional Council and the Israeli Prison Service met with the Israeli Antiquities Authority last month and decided to relocate the prison, according to officials

The current prison will be moved so archaeologists can excavate the site further, and the church and its mosaic will be made into a tourist destination.

The mosaic is the first known time that Jesus was named as a god in Israel. 

Other mosaics were also found, including patterns and a medallion of two fish.

The Ichthys, or fish, was a secret early Christian symbol used to recognize churches.

A total of three inscriptions in Greek were found in the church and deciphered by Israeli Antiquities Authority's Leah De Signi, the agency's website reports.

One says that a Roman army officer donated the money to build the mosaic. Another memorializes four women. The final mosaic faces west and features the name of a woman who dedicated an altar there to Jesus.

The archaeological evidence shows that Roman army officers were part of the early Christian community in the century before Emperor Constantine converted to Christanity.

The initial excavations took place from 2004 to 2008, with the help of more than 60 prisoners, The Jerusalem Post reported.

So far, the Antiquities Authority has discovered other building remains and alleys on the site, which experts have identified as Kfar Othnai, an ancient Jewish village and Roman army legion camp. 

They have also uncovered an oil press, ritual baths, a stable, water cisterns and kitchen areas, among other things.

Yotam Tepper, who led the original dig, told the Post that many different communities lived together at the site. 

"There was an early Christian community here way before Christianity became the official religion," he said. "Through the excavations, we learned about all the connections between Samaritans, Jews, pagans, Christians, soldiers and civilians: It is a microcosm."

He said, "To have neighborhoods of so many different religions and ethnicities in such geographical proximity to each other makes this very special."

The homes were built close to each other, and Tepper said he believes further excavations will allow archaeologists to learn more about how they interacted.

"We see their houses next to each other, which points to a good relationship," he observed, adding that he is eager to begin excavating again.

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